Pilonidal disease is a commonly occurring condition that can lead to an infection of the skin in the region of the buttock crease. It is usually due to ingrown hair. They can affect people at any age, but usually strike young people, more commonly males. They usually will not go away on their own, and antibiotics alone will generally not solve the problem.
Symptoms vary from a draining dimple to a severely infected abscess. An abscess is generally treated with immediate drainage to provide relief. The condition may require further surgery to resolve the condition, as about half will continue to drain or recur after the initial drainage. The type of surgery done can greatly affect how long it will take to recover, the type of post-operative care it will require and the chance of it returning.
Surgery for pilonidal cyst can range from removal of the enlarged hair follicles (referred to as "pits"), complete removal of the cyst, or cleft lift procedure. The wound can be left open or closed, depending on the situation and the preference of the surgeon. Open wounds often take longer (up to 2 months) to heal & require daily wound care. The advantage is a lower chance that the cyst recurs (approximately 5% chance). Closed technique often is more complex surgery, but can result in quicker healing (approximately 2 weeks) & recovery, with a slightly increased risk of recurrence (approximately 9% chance). Cleft left surgery elevates the crease between the buttock resulting in a decreased chance of recurrence.
It is best to discuss the procedure that is right for you with a specialist that can offer all the options.